In Argentina, this process is managed by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Food, more specifically, the National Direction of Agroindustries (Dirección Nacional de Agroindustria).
In Brazil, both are processed by the National Institute of Intellectual Property Rights (INPI).
In Chile, Geographical Indications and Geographical Names are processed by the National Institute of Industrial Property (Instituto Nacional de Propiedad Industrial).
In Paraguay, registration must be applied for in the Directorate General of Industrial Property of the Ministry of Industry and Commerce (Dirección General de Propiedad Industrial).
In Uruguay, Designations of Origin are registered in the National Directorate of Industrial Property (Dirección Nacional de Propiedad Industrial). Nevertheless, Indications of Origin are protected without registration.
In Venezuela, the Autonomous Intellectual Property Service (SAPI) is in charge of Intellectual Property Rights on the subject of designations.